Gramática 3: Principais Verbos em Inglês


Principais Verbos em inglês

INFINITIVE PAST PAST
PARTICIPLE
TRANSLATION
to abide abode abode habitar; suportar
to arise arose arisen surgir;  elevar-se
to awake awoke/awaked awoke(n)/awaked acordar; despertar
to be was/were been ser; estar
to bear bore born/borne levar; suportar; dar à luz
to beat beat beaten bater; derrotar; pulsar
to become became become tornar-se
to befall befell befallen acontecer; suceder
to beget begot begotten gerar; produzir
to begin began begun começar; principiar
to behold beheld beheld ver; observar
to bend bent bent curvar(se); inclinar
to bet bet bet apostar
to bid bade bidden ordenar; saudar
to bid bid bid fazer uma oferta
to bind bound bound ligar; encadernar; contratar
to bite bit bitten morder; picar
to bleed bled bled sangrar
to blow blew blown soprar; tocar(instrumento desopro)
to break broke broken quebrar; interromper
to breed bred bred criar; educar
to bring brought brought trazer
to broadcast broadcast broadcast emitir; radiofonizar
to build built built construir
to burn burnt/burned burnt/burned queimar
to burst burst burst explodir; irromper
to buy bought bought comprar
to cast cast cast arremessar; atirar; calcular
to catch caught caught agarrar; apanhar; pegar umadoença
to chide chid chidden ralhar; censurar
to choose chose chosen escolher
to cleave clove/cleft cloven/cleft fender; rachar-se
to cling clung clung aderir; unir-se
to come came come vir; chegar; aproximar-se;acontecer
to cost cost cost custar
to creep crept crept rastejar; arrastar-se
to cut cut cut cortar
to deal dealt dealt negociar; distribuir; tratar
to dig dug dug cavar
to do did done fazer; executar; efetuar
to draw drew drawn desenhar; puxar; arrastar
to dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed sonhar
to drink drank drunk beber; embriagar-se
to drive drove driven guiar; impelir
to dwell dwelt/dwelled dwelt/dwelled morar; residir
to eat ate eaten comer
to fall fell fallen cair
to feed fed fed alimentar-se; suprir
to feel felt felt sentir
to fight fought fought lutar; combater
to find found found achar; encontrar
to flee fled fled fugir de; escapar
to fling flung flung arremessar-se; lançar
to fly flew flown voar
to forbid forbade forbidden proibir
to forgive forgave forgiven perdoar
to forget forgot forgotten esquecer(se)
to forsake forsook forsaken abandonar; desamparar
to freeze froze frozen gelar; congelar
to get got got/gotten ganhar; obter; conseguir;adquirir
to give gave given dar; conceder
to go went gone ir
to grind ground ground moer; pulverizar
to grow grew grown crescer; cultivar
to hang hung hung pendurar; suspender
to have had had ter; possuir
to hear heard heard ouvir
to hide hid hidden esconder; ocultar(se)
to hit hit hit bater
to hold held held segurar; manter; conter
to hurt hurt hurt ferir
to keep kept kept guardar; manter; permanecer;ficar; continuar
to kneel knelt/kneeled knelt/kneeled ajoelhar-se
to knit knit knit unir; ligar; tricotar
to know knew known saber; conhecer
to lay laid laid pôr; colocar;botar(ovos)
to lead led led conduzir;guiar; comandar
to lean leant/leaned leant/leaned apoiar(se); inclinar(se)
to leap leapt/leaped leapt/leaped saltar; pular
to learn learnt/learned learnt/learned aprender
to leave left left deixar; sair; abandonar
to lend lent lent emprestar
to let let let deixar; permitir
to lie lay lain estar deitado; jazer
to light lit/lighted lit/lighted acender; iluminar
to lose lost lost perder
to make  made made fazer; produzir; fabricar
to mean meant meant significar; querer dizer;pretender; intencionar
to meet met met encontrar(se)
to mow mowed mowed/mown ceifar
to overcome overcame overcome vencer; superar; conquistar
to pay paid paid pagar
to put put put pôr; colocar
to quit quit quit deixar; abandonar; desistir
to read read read ler
to rid rid rid livrar; desembaraçar
to ride rode ridden cavalgar; montar; passear(decarro, bicicleta, etc)
to ring rang rung soar; tocar; repicar
to rise rose risen nascer; surgir; elevar-se
to run ran run correr; administrar
to saw sawed sawed/sawn serrar
to say said said dizer
to see saw seen ver
to seek sought sought procurar; buscar
to sell sold sold vender
to send sent sent enviar; remeter; expedir
to set set set pôr; fixar; arrumar
to sew sewed sewed/sewn costurar; coser
to shake shook shaken sacudir; agitar
to shear shore/sheared shorn/sheared tosquiar; tosar; aparar
to shed shed shed derramar; verter; entornar
to shine shone shone brilhar; reluzir
to shoe shod/shoed shod/shoed ferrar(animal); calçar
to shoot shot shot atirar; fuzilar; metralhar
to show showed showed/shown exibir; mostrar; expor
to shrink shrank shrunk encolher(se); retirar(se)
to shut shut shut fechar; cerrar; tapar
to sing sang sung cantar
to sink sank sunk afundar; naufragar
to sit sat sat sentar
to slay slew slain matar; arruinar; destruir
to sleep slept slept dormir
to slide slid slid escorregar; deslizar
to smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled cheirar; suspeitar
to sow sowed sowed/sown semear
to speak spoke spoken falar
to speed sped/speeded sped/speeded apressar-se; despachar
to spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled soletrar
to spend spent spent passar; gastar; consumir
to spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled entornar; derramar
to spin spun spun girar; rodar; tecer
to spit spat spat cuspir
to split split split fender; dividir; fracionar-se
to spread spread spread difundir; divulgar; espalhar
to spring sprang sprung brotar; nascer; saltar; jorrar
to stand stood stood ficar de pé; suster; aguentar
to steal stole stolen furtar; roubar
to stick stuck stuck fincar; aderir; afixar
to sting stung stung picar
to stink stank/stunk stunk feder
to stride strode stridden cavalgar; galopar
to strike struck struck provocar ou fazer greve;brigar; golpear; dar badaladas(relógio);
to string strung strung afinar; esticar
to strive strove striven procurar; empenhar-se; competir
to swear swore sworn jurar; blasfemar
to sweep swept swept varrer
to swell swelled swelled/swollen inchar; inflamar
to swim swam swum nadar
to swing swung swung balançar
to take took taken tomar; pegar
to teach taught taught ensinar
to tear tore torn rasgar(se); romper
to tell told told dizer; contar
to think thought thought pensar; achar
 to throw threw thrown arremessar; atirar
to trust trust trust confiar; crer
to tread trod trodden/trod pisar
to understand understood understood entender; compreender
to undertake undertook undertaken empreender; comprometer-se
to wake woke/waked woke/waked acertar; despertar
to wear wore worn usar; vestir
to weave wove woven tecer
to weep wept wept chorar; lamentar-se
to wet wet/wetted wet/wetted umedecer; molhar
to win won won ganhar; vencer; obter
to wind wound wound dar corda; torcer
to write wrote written escrever

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